· Body painting
· Started using animal skins little by little
· Later introduced real costumes such as the chiton and the hemateon
· Chiton was linen or silk and was worn long
· Hemateon was exterior cloth usually worn over the shoulders
· In order to play female roles since it was always men they wore a prosterneda in front of the chest, to imitate female breasts and progastreda in front of the belly
· Usually wore normal shoes such as laced boots and loose fitting boots
· Some believe that they wore high heels called a kothornoi
· Chiton – A long robe made of linen or silk (derived from the Greek word meaning tunic).
· Himation – Made of heavy wool, and worn as a cloak on the shoulders over a chiton.
· Prosterneda – Men actors wore this to imitate a woman’s breasts.
· Progastreda – Worn by men actors in from of their stomachs to imitate a woman.
· Wearing a purple costume portrayed you as a rich man
· Wearing short cloaks portrayed you as a soldier
· Red costumes portray poor people
· Striped robe is a boy
· Yellow were girls
· Wearing a tassel signified that you were a god
· Each person had a their own distinctive mask
· They were large and had exaggerated expressions so everyone could see them
· Actors had multiple masks so they could play multiple roles
· They also amplified the actors voices so the audience could hear them clearly
· They were color coded: Brown masks indicated a man, and white masks were meant for women
· Not much attention was paid to makeup because the actors face was usually covered by a mask
· Easily constructed
· Roman costumes mirrored traditional Greek clothing in the Roman Theatre
· Roveyed emotions
· The design of the mask was quite simple and they were made from were made cheap materials such as linen or cork
· The masks were color coded, brown for men and white for women
Scenic Elements of Greek Theatre #zach
· Mechane- a mechanism that gave the impression of a flying actor
· Ekkyklema- a wheeled platform often used to bring dead actors onto stage
· Trap Doors- used to lift people onto stage from under the stage
· Pinakes- Pictures hung to create scenery
· Thyromata- more complex pictures to built into the second level scene.
· Skene- the building directly behind the stage for theatrical purposes
· Parodos- Passageways that were used for
· actors and chorus to enter and exit
· Performed outdoor, some started at daybreak because they wanted a low light.
Scenic Elements of Roman Theatre
· Had a curtain that could be raised or lowered to reveal a scene
· Trap doors were used to lift and remove people from the stage
· Height of the stage was 5 feet. Enough for actors and props to hide in the under space
Roman entrance to the orchestra, typically between thecavea and the scaena, one on either side of the orchestra; corresponds to the parodos in the Greek theatre
chorodidaskalos ( kaw-roh-dih-DÆS-ka-luss ): (Greek) Chorus director; taught songs/dances to chorus; originally performed as well.
Chorus sang most of play in order to narrate it and tell a background story, perspective, respond to what is happening, and used rythmic chanting or singing to explain things.