Greek/ Roman Actors

ARISTOTLE

Aristotle

Aristotle was born in Circa 384 B.C, in Greece, and passed away in 322 B.C. He is known for being a great Greek philosopher. He also created his own school where he put most his focus on teaching and writing. His school is the Lyceum, in Athens made in 335 B.C. He wrote notes and manuscripts with dialogues, about the studies of scientific and systematic works. He wrote about 200 documents, but only estimates 31 survived and are spoken about. Aristotle’s works were passed to his student Theophrastus and he passed them on to another student who kept them safe.
Aristotle main writings were systems for reasoning and for developing sound arguments. He also discussed matter and form, in his book Metaphysics.
Twenty-three hundred years later Aristotle is still known in our generation. He is a founder of many things like formal logic, zoology, and apart of scientific methods. He tutored Alexander the Great, who later becomes well known for his acting.

Gnaeus Naevius

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He was a Latin poet from Campania. He wrote dramatic comedy in Greek Tradition. Only a few of his works are still around. He was a soldier in the 1st Punic War. He was popular in the early year s of Roman satire. Naevius produces tragedies in Rome using Greek works, but then changed the actors into Roman actors. From doing this he was punished and had to apologies; then it lead to exile. We know of the comic poems he wrote, but he wrote many tragedies.
Was born 270 b, Capua, Italy, and died 200 bc, Utica. He was the starter of historic play, that were about Roman historical old events and figures. Two plays were called, Romulus and Clastidium, after celebrating Marcus C. Marcellus for his victory in 222bc and might have produced at his funeral games in 208. Naevius plays were known for their titles, he produced 30 comedies, and 6 tragedies. His Greek plays were translated and he created them into Latin. He was the first to introduce song and recitative, taking from one play to another and adding variety. He had some negative remarks about Roman daily life, because of this he was imprisoned and maybe exile. He used Plautus which is in his comedies his characters were stereotyped, and plot, and colorful language. Tarentilla, one of the most popular plays had foreshadowed of Plautus, with the use of vivid likeness of Roman lowlife, and love relationships.

Athenodorus

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He is known for his tragic acting. He was first assigned a job at the city Dionysian, but instead he had a dream to work with Alexander the Great in Phoenicia. Since he did not go with the job offer he was in a heavy fine, which later was pain off by Alexander.
He performed at the great games in honor of Heracles. After he went back to Athens he started his victory of acting 329 bc shows. He was fined again for not attending the festival and he turned to Alexander for help but then the King paid for it instead. Athenodorus went to the sosa wedding festival with two others.

Thespis

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Thespis was the first person to ever go on stage as an actor and be a character in a play. He created a new type of acting where there was one singer or actor performed the words of characters in stories. He used masks to show the difference between the characters. He was a part of making tragedy’s so popular. Thespis was the first winner of a prize for tragedy at the Great Dionysia (a drama festival) in records. He was also presented to have invented the mask. He also was the first to theatrical tour. He would travel to many cities. He carried costumes, props and masks in a horse-drawn wagon.
Referring to Thespis, actor’s thought history have been called or referred to as ‘thespians’. Some say that Thespis invented acting in the Western world. A myth says that Thespis is now a mischievous spirit, and when bad things happen it is blamed on his ghostly intervention. Thespis started out as a Dionysian priest, and then later he left the chorus and picked up the role of an actor. He spoke through Dialogue rather than a song, to create his Greek tragedies. He was the first recorded actor and first playwright.

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